By The Inspirer.
As the annual celebration of the World Environment Day kicks off tomorrow, June 5, 2019, champions who are working to address pollution and raise awareness about the causes of air pollution and how they can be mitigated will be awarded.
Every year, Rwanda joins the rest of the international community to celebrate this day and this year, the Ministry of Environment, through the Rwanda Environment Management Authority and partners, will celebrate it at Kigali Convention Centre under the theme “Beat Air Pollution”.
Air pollution is a leading environmental threat to human health. Today, more than 90% of people globally breathe polluted air and approximately seven million people die from air pollution-related causes every year. Air pollution costs the global economy US $5 trillion in welfare costs annually and ground-level ozone pollution is expected to reduce staple crop yields by 26 per cent by 2030.
On World Environment Day, the Government of Rwanda through the Rwanda Environment Management Authority will present the 2019 Environmental Awards for projects and initiatives that focus on air pollution management.
The awards recognise best practices and innovation in beating air pollution by districts, small and medium sized companies in the private sector, higher learning institutions and technical and vocational education and training schools, as well as the media.
The awards will highlight initiatives by different sectors to improve air quality and encourage them to keep up their efforts.
As part of the event, a discussion will be held on air pollution mitigation, and the effects of air pollution on human health in Rwanda and impact on attaining the Sustainable Development Goals.
The celebration will also feature the launch of Third National Communication Report on Climate Change.
World Environment Day and related activities have been organised in partnership with the Ministry of Health, City of Kigali, Rwanda Green Fund (FONERWA), Rwanda Investigation Bureau, Rwanda National Police, Rwanda Standards Board and UNDP Rwanda.
History of the World Environment Day
Since 1973, World Environment Day has been started celebrating as an annual event on every 5 June to raise the importance of the healthy and green environment in the human lives, to solve the issues of the environment by implementing some positive environmental actions by governments, organisations and individuals as a whole.
In 1972 in the conference held on Human Environment began from 5th to 16th June at United Nations, World Environment Day was first established to be celebrated every year by running some effective campaigns by the United Nations General Assembly and United Nations Environment programme (UNEP).
First time World Environment Day was celebrated in 1973 with the theme “Only one Earth”. And from 1974, the celebration campaign of the World Environment Day is hosted in different cities of the world.
Why World Environment Day is celebrated?
It is necessary to address the environmental issues like deforestation, increasing global warming, wastage and losses of food, pollution etc. Throughout the world several campaigns are organised with a particular theme and slogan to bring effectiveness around the world.
This day is celebrated to successfully get carbon neutrality, reducing greenhouse effects, focusing on forest management, planting on degraded lands, energy production through solar sources, promoting coral reefs and mangroves, developing new drainage system etc.
A study conducted by Ellen McArthur Foundation in 2015 says that about 6.3 billion tonnes of plastic waste has been generated in the world so far, and around 90% of this will not decompose for at least 500 years. Micro-plastic or tiny fragments have been found in soil, tap water, bottled water, beer and even in the air we breathe, according to scientists.
Objectives behind celebrating World Environment Day
– World Environment Day is celebrated to spread awareness among common people about the issues of the environment.
– Encourage common people from different society and communities to actively participate in the celebration as well as become an active agent in developing environmental safety measures.
– Encourage people to make their nearby surroundings safe and clean to enjoy safer, cleaner and more prosperous future.
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