By Elias Hakizimana.
Coping with climate change needs advocacy and raising awareness on root causes of environment pollution, Faustin Vuningoma, Coordinator of Rwanda Climate Change and DevelopmentNetwork (RCCDN) has said.
The comments come after COP24 in Poland was concluded on 15 December with an agreement on action plan to implement Paris Agreement.
‘Today there are challenges whereby communities and other leaders at local level who lack of enough knowledge about environment pollution. Government put in different measures but there is need that implementing agents such at district and sector level first acquire knowledge on climate change fighting policy,” he said.
He said even civil societies are part of the drive to understand root causes of climate change and be able to help government implement fighting programs and communities be capable to cope with climate change.
” we need irrigation, crops that resist to dry spells and also other things not related to agriculture as part of getting alternative technologies to get food when agriculture sector is affected by climate change,” he noted.
Coletha Ruhamya, the DG of Rwanda Environment Management Authority said:“We have to ensure green environment for the future generation and this will be possible when everyone has knowledge about protecting environment and fighting climate change. We need to talk on behalf of those who have no information about environment pollution.”
There is need to reach more Rwandans with message that environment pollution has bad impact on them if they do not play their part in protecting ecosystems, she stressed.
“Daily practices by residents must be safe to the environment. If they are nearby water bodies, they must protect the banks since they are the ones to be benefit from using such waters,” she said.
In line with international agreements on climate change
On 15 December Governments adopted a robust set of guidelines for implementing the landmark 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement.
The implementation of the agreement will benefit people from all walks of life, especially the most vulnerable.
The agreed ‘Katowice Climate Package’ is designed to operationalize the climate change regime contained in the Paris Agreement.
Under the auspices of the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat, it will promote international cooperation and encourage greater ambition.
The guidelines will promote trust among nations that all countries are playing their part in addressing the challenge of climate change.
It sets out how countries will provide information about their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that describe their domestic climate actions. This information includes mitigation and adaptation measures as well as details of financial support for climate action in developing countries.
The package also includes guidelines that relate to The process for establishing new targets on finance from 2025 onwards to follow-on from the current target of mobilizing USD 100 billion per year from 2020 to support developing countries, How to conduct the Global Stocktake of the effectiveness of climate action in 2023, How to assess progress on the development and transfer of technology.
Many developed countries pledged financial support to enable developing countries to act. This is especially important for the replenishment of the Green Climate Fund.
Countries have sent significant positive signals towards GCF’s first formal replenishment, with Germany and Norway announcing that they would double their contributions.
The Adaptation Fund received a total of USD 129 million.
The engagement of multilateral development banks (MDBs), international organisations, businesses, investors and civil society at COP24 helped to build the political will towards the outcome in Katowice.
Many made key announcements that were critical to build momentum. These include:
The World Bank’s pledge of $200 billion in climate action funding for the period 2021-2025;
The MDBs announcement to align their activities with the goals of the Paris Agreement;
The commitment by fifteen international organizations to make their operations climate neutral;
The announcement by the C40 Cities coalition, which includes cities across the globe, to work with the IPCC to identify how the Global Warming of 1.5C report can apply to cities’ climate actions.
Many more announcements were made and inspiring examples of climate action showcased at the Global Climate Action High-level events.
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