By Elias Hakizimana.
Civil societies have urged worldwide countries to ratify to Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol as well as allocating enough climate finance to scale up alternative technologies to the air pollutant gases.
The Kigali Amendment was agreed in October 2016 by the 197 Parties to the Montreal Protocol, in order to gradually reduce global production and consumption of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) that are expected to contribute to the implementation of Paris Agreement targets to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius yet only 38 countries have ratified to it so far of which only 8 countries are from Africa.
The Kigali agreement is planned to enter into force in January 2019.
According to Benson Ireni working with Christian Aid civil society in Kenya, their government has not yet ratified saying that pressure is needed to make sure the ratification is done.
Phasing out Hydrofluorocarbons itself is expected to reduce at least 0.5 degree Celsius of global warming.
According to Faustin Vuningoma, coordinator of Rwanda Climate Change and Development network (RCCDN), global warming is causing climate change which, if not controlled, could trigger reduced food security, threatened ecosystems services and loss of biodiversity, spread of diseases, economic losses, humanitarian crisis such as fleeing due to hunger mainly because of flooding, ocean ice smelting, drought among many other disasters related to climate change.
“Phasing out the short lived climate pollutants would prevent 100 billion tonnes of emissions by 2050 and the avert global warming up to 0.5 degree Celcius by the end of the century while by parallel energy efficiency improvement for air conditioning, refrigeration total mitigation could lead up to 200 billion tonnes of emissions by 2050,” he stated.
Africa, experts say contribute less than 4 per cent to global warming but its economy is the most affected by global warming effects
For effective implementation of Kigali amendments to the Montreal Protocol, a recommendation would be urging remaining countries to ratify to the amendments and urge developed countries to urgently provide adequate funding to developing countries through the Montreal Multilateral Fund and prioritize technology transfer as well, he said.
He urged energy efficiency for appliances such as energy efficient refrigerants and air conditioners which already command 15 per cent of all global electrical demand.
“There is need to increase energy efficiency by 50 per cent through using cost effective technologies. Considering that new alternatives for replacing the existing equipment will result into their disposal that pose danger on environment and people’s health, we also urge urgent identification and installation of disposal facilities ahead of the start of phasedown,” he noted.
According to Theophile Dusengimana, an Environment and climate change policy Specialist at the Rwanda’s Ministry of Environment, the green move is under Rwanda Green Growth and Climate Resilience Strategy (GGCRS) developed in 2011 with low carbon development vision for 2050, low carbon domestic energy resources while industry and other sectors must have a minimal negative impact on the environment.
He said phasing out hydrofluorocarbons that contribute 45 per cent to global warming than carbon dioxide.
Elias Hakizimana @theinspirerpubl
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